A list of entities that have been sanctioned by the United States impacting Russian Defence enterprises has been summarized from the following sources and is outlined as given below-
Russian Defence Entities
Specifically, the following 22 entities are being designated pursuant to E.O. 14024 Section 1(a)(i) because they are persons who operate or have operated in the defense and related materiel sector of the Russian Federation economy by the State Department:-
ü Izhevsk Unmanned Systems Research and Production Associated Limited Liability Company is a Russian defense company that makes unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for Russia’s military.
ü JSC Research and Production Association Kvant is a Russian defense company that produces electronic warfare systems whose electronic warfare systems have been used by Russian-backed forces involved in the destabilization of Ukraine.
ü Kurganmashzavod is a Russian defense company that develops and produces infantry fighting vehicles. Kurganmashzavod infantry fighting vehicles have been used by Russian-backed forces involved in the destabilization of Ukraine.
ü Joint Stock Company Research and Production Corporation Konstruktorskoye Byuro Mashynostroyeniya is a Russian defense company that develops missiles, air-defense systems, anti-tank weapons, and other military equipment for the Russian military.
ü Joint Stock Company Federal Scientific and Production Center Titan Barrikady is a Russian defense entity that produces missiles for the Russian military.
ü Komsomolsk-on-amur Aviation Plant is a Russian defense entity that produces fighter aircraft for Russia’s military.
ü Makeyev State Missile Center is a Russian defense entity that produces missiles for Russia’s military.
ü JSC Central Research Institute of Automation and Hydraulics is a Russian defense entity that develops and produces missiles for Russia’s military.
ü UEC-Saturn is a Russian defense entity that produces engines for Russia’s military, including for military aviation and frigates.
ü Design Bureau of Special Machine Building is a Russian defense entity that develops military equipment for Russia’s military, including missile and missile-defense systems.
ü Joint Stock Company Salavat Chemical Plant manufactures products for the enterprises of the Russian Ministry of Defense and has described itself as a leading chemical enterprise of Russia’s defense industrial complex.
ü Joint Stock Company Avangard is a Russian defense industry organization that has been involved in the production of Russian armored vehicles for Russia’s defense sector and the development of Russian missiles.
ü Radioavtomatika is an entity that specializes in procuring foreign items for Russia’s defense industry.
ü JSC Novosibirsk Aircraft Production Association Plant Named After V.P. Chkalov is a Russian defense entity that produces military unmanned aerial vehicles and bomber aircraft for the Russian military.
ü Irkutsk Aviation Plant is a Russian defense entity that produces fighter aircraft for the Russian military.
ü ODK-UMPO Engine Building Enterprise is a Russian defense entity that produces engines for fighter aircraft for the Russian military.
ü Nizhny Novgorod Aviation Plant Sokol is a Russian defense entity that develops fighter aircraft for the Russian military.
ü All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Aviation Materials is a Russian defense entity that provides specialized materials for Russian military weapons systems, including attack helicopters and missiles.
ü Aviastar-SP Aircraft Manufacturing Enterprise is a Russian defense entity that manufacturers military aircraft for Russia’s military.
ü Public Joint-Stock Company ODK-Kuznetsov is a Russian defense entity that manufacturers engines for bomber aircraft for the Russian military.
ü Joint Stock Company ODK-Klimov is a Russian defense entity that produces engines for attack helicopters for the Russian military.
ü The Planar Company is a Russian technology company that provides high-technology solutions for Russian industrial enterprises, specializing in additive technologies and 3-D printing. It specializes in procuring foreign technology for Russia’s military programs, including Russia’s military space programs, and its primary customer is the Izhevsk Radio Plant, which develops items and technologies for Russia’s military.
In addition Department of Commerce has issued list of 91 companies which also includes some of the companies listed by the State Department and some companies based in countries such as Estonia and Singapore for sanctions.
The Russia/Belarus MEU FDP rule is more extensive than the Russia/Belarus FDP rule and applies to foreign-produced items that are: (i) the direct product of any software or technology subject to the EAR that is on the CCL; or (ii) produced by certain plants or major components thereof which are themselves the direct product of any U.S.-origin software or technology on the CCL. Such items will be subject to the sanctions.
Technology Related Sanctions
ü Russia-wide restrictions to choke off Russia’s import of technological goods critical to a diversified economy and Putin’s ability to project power. This includes Russia-wide denial of exports of sensitive technology, primarily targeting the Russian defense, aviation, and maritime sectors to cut off Russia’s access to cutting-edge technology.
ü In addition to sweeping restrictions on the Russian-defense sector, the United States government will impose Russia-wide restrictions on sensitive U.S. technologies produced in foreign countries using U.S.-origin software, technology, or equipment. This includes Russia-wide restrictions on semiconductors, telecommunication, encryption security, lasers, sensors, navigation, avionics and maritime technologies.
ü This restricts transferring, developing, servicing, repairing or producing conventional weapons in a manner that is contrary to United States national security or foreign policy interests or enabling such transfer, service, repair, development, or production by supplying parts, components, technology, or financing for such activity
Sweeping financial sanctions and stringent export controls are expected to impact Russia’s economy, financial system, and access to cutting-edge technology. The sanctions measures impose severe costs on Russia’s largest financial institutions and will further isolate Russia from the global financial system.
The United States has targeted all ten Russia’s largest financial institutions, including the imposition of full blocking and correspondent and payable-through account sanctions, and debt and equity restrictions, on institutions holding nearly 80% of Russian banking sector assets.