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Myanmar Extension of Emergency, Elections and Violence

In a meeting of 1/2023 of the National Defence and Security Council of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar held at 10.00 am on 31st January, 2023 the NDSC announced that emergency has been extended due to fragile security situation in the country.

The NDSC statement reads thus -

Over the report of the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services, members of the NDSC held discussions together. Members of the NDSC including the Pro Tem President, expressed their views that although the State Administration Council has been exerting efforts for stability and allround development of the country, the CRPH, the NUG and their proxy PDF, which aim at the total destruction of the State, have murdered innocent people, blasted public places and intimidated the public with the use of arms to an extent that goes far beyond normal and they are still attempting to seize the State power through violent and terrorist means. Under such extraordinary circumstances, the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services will be able to accomplish the assigned duties only when the duration of the state of emergency is extended and thus the duration of the state of emergency declared in the entire country has been extended by six months as of 1st February, 2023 in accordance with section 425 of the State constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.

Meanwhile registration of parties has commenced. Irrawaddy reported that military-proxy Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP), Federal Democratic Party (FDP), Myanmar People’s Democratic Party (MPD) and Union Democracy Party (UDP) re-registered this month.


Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (AAPP), which monitors regime killings and arrests has claimed that 3000 civilians have been killed by the military after the coup..

19,739 people have been arrested and, of them, 15,882 remain are under detention.

55,484 homes across the country’s 14 states and regions were torched as part of the military regime’s arson campaign between February 1, 2021 and the end of January 2023.

Resistance stronghold Sagaing Region suffered the most arson attacks, with 43,292 houses burned, followed by 8,863 in Magwe Region and 1,484 in Chin State, according to Data For Myanmar’s report.

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