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Data Int: LWE Spread in India March 2023


In March 2023, Union minister of state for home Nityanand Rai has identified 176 police stations of 45 districts that reported related violence in 2022 in response to a question in the parliament.


This comes even as in 2010, at least 465 police stations of 96 districts had reported LWE-related violence.


Rai said the number of LWE related deaths (security forces and civilians) has reduced from an all-time high of 1005 in 2010 to just 98 in 2022.


126 districts were covered under the SRE scheme in 2010 but that number came down to 90 in April 2018 and further to 70 in July 2021.


Data Upto 2022


Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Nityanand Rai in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha stated that incidents of LWE violence have reduced by 77% from an all time high of 2,258 in 2009 to 509 in 2021.


Similarly, the resultant deaths (Civilians + Security Forces) have reduced by 85% from an all time high of 1,005 in 2010 to 147 in 2021. The number of LWE incidents in last five years i.e. 2017 to 2021, year-wise is as follows:-

YEAR

INCIDENTS

2017

908

2018

833

2019

670

2020

665

2021

509

The details of Left Wing Extremists, security personnel and civilians killed in LWE incidents in the last five years, year-wise is as follows:-



Details of State-wise LWE violence incidents and property damaged during the last three years is as given below:-




The geographical spread of the violence has significantly reduced over the years and now only 191 Police Stations of 46 districts have reported LWE related violence in 2021 as compared to a high of 465 Police Stations of 96 districts in 2010.


In 2014, LWE violence was reported from 333 Police Stations from 70 districts. Decline in geographical spread is also reflected in the reduced number of districts covered under the SRE Scheme.


The number of SRE districts reduced from 126 to 90 in April 2018 and further to 70 in July 2021.


Similarly, the number of districts contributing approximately 90% of the LWE violence, categorised as Most LWE Affected Districts, came down to 30 from 35 in 2018 and further to 25 in 2021.





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