How the Naxal Space In Central India Was Regained?

G K Pillai, a former Home Secretary writing in the Bloomberg Quint outlined the contours of the plan that was set into motion in 2009 which led to control of  Left Wing Extremism in the country today. Pillai acknowledges that the main battle lies ahead as the main force of the rebels the People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) is yet to be dented.No less then former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had indicated that Naxalism was the foremost security challenge that faced by the country in 2006. This was the first time when the threat was recognized having spread tentacles from the state of unified Andhra Pradesh to other parts of Central India. At its peak the Naxal threat expanded to the states of Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Odisha and Jharkhand (which continue to be significantly impacted) and pockets of West Bengal, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.Pillai says that the first success was achieved in Lalgarh in West Bengal where the State had lost complete control of the political and geographic space to the rebels. It took three years and three battalions of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) to regain full control of the areas.Pillai ascribes, “poor governance and exploitation of the weaker communities by the dominant elites,” as the basic cause for growth of the phenomenon of Left Wing Extremism (LWE) which gained a fillip with the People’s War Group (PWG).................................

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