Kashmir: Making the New Conflict Resolution Model

A multi-pronged approach involving all arms of the state is necessary to ensure that the reverse paradigm adopted of withdrawal of concessions to resolve militancy in J & K works. There are essentially three models of countering insurgency which have succeeded in the past. The first is an overwhelming defeat of the insurgents seen in the elimination of militancy in Punjab in the early 1990’s. This was achieved due to waning of support to the militants from the people at large, blocking of sustenance by Pakistan with the construction of border fencing amongst other measures and determined action by security forces led by the Punjab Police under the late Shri K P S Gill. The second is integration of militants in the mainstream through a political accord wherein they give up their demands and agree to participate in the democratic process. The Mizoram Accord in 1986 is an example of the same.  The landmark December 2006 comprehensive agreement between political parties in Nepal and the Maoist is another example of success of this model. This arises from a sense of hurting stalemate wherein both sides - the rebels and the government realise that they are unlikely to win and thus decide to make peace.............................

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