India Ports And Coastal Security - A Comprehensive Review

About quarter of world’s population and one third of world’s nations form part of Indian Ocean. Indian Ocean is highway for quarter of the world’s trade and global oil needs. Over 40,000 ships annually transport critical raw materials and oil supplies thro the Indian Ocean. The Indian Ocean has important choke points at Straits of Malacca and Gulf of Aden- Sunda and Bab al Mandeb. The piracy threat from the Somalia, Gulf of Aden as well as the Malacca Straits has become alarming in the form of quick attacks on the merchant ships. The pirates also use captured merchant ships as ‘mother vessels’ to launch attacks on unsuspecting merchant vessels. India’s 65% energy needs are met thro the Indian Ocean routes. India’s coastal areas are developing fast with giant strategic industries. India has emotional bond - this is the only ocean on a country’s name. Countries Interested in Indian Ocean These are basically ‘the three big players’ namely China, India, and the US who have the resources and willpower to dominate Indian Ocean due to their geo-strategic interests. Then there are the ‘regional players trying to influence their personal interests that include Australia, France, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, and the United Kingdom. Lastly, there are ‘passive players’ who are not in a position to influence but will be courted by larger players to meet their strategic interests and include Bangladesh, Djibouti, Madagascar, Maldives, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Oman, the Seychelles, Somalia, Sri Lanka, and Yemen. Remote islands and overseas territories in the Indian Ocean could also be important players...............................

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