An Under Resourced Defence Capacity Building Model for India

The home truth is that while India’s defence and security challenges are on the rise, budgetary resources to cope up with the same are likely to remain low. This was evident with the announcement of a budget of Rs 2,95,511.41 Crore (US $ 46 Billion) for Defence for the financial year 2018-19 by the Finance Minister Shri Arun Jaitley in  the  Parliament on 01 February. This accounts for 12.10 percent of the total Central Government expenditure for the year 2018-19 and is an increase of 7.81 percent over Budget Estimates and 5.91 percent over Revised Estimates respectively for the financial year 2017-18. Of the total defence budget roughly 34 percent is allocated for capital expenditure that is acquisition of fixed assets and weapons systems as a part of modernisation while 66 percent is for running expenditure of the Defence Services including pay and allowances. Allocations for capital acquisitions are 33.1 percent of the total government allocations. Defence Pensions have been budgeted at Rs. 1,08,853.30 Crore  (US $ 17 Billion) which is an increase of 26.60 percent above the BE 2017-18 and 14.26 percent over Revised Estimates 2017-18. Under the circumstances developing an under-resourced defence capacity building model remains the answer to meet the manifold defence and security challenges....................

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