Joint Communiqué of
the Eleventh Meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the Russian Federation, the
Republic of India and the People's Republic of China
1. The Foreign Ministers of the Russian
Federation, the Republic of India and the People's Republic of China held their
11th meeting in Moscow on 13 April 2012.
2. The Ministers reiterated the importance
attached by Russia, India and China to their constructive cooperation in the
trilateral format. They stressed that this cooperation was not directed against
any other country, was conducive to the promotion of regional peace, security
and stability and served to benefit their peoples.
3. The Ministers reviewed the progress in the
implementation of the decisions taken at their 10th Meeting in Wuhan, China on
14-15 November 2010. The Ministers underlined the importance of cooperation in
the field of disaster management and appreciated the outcome of the trilateral
programme for exchange of information and expertise on the use of geo-spatial
technologies in monitoring and forecasting flood and drought organized in
Hyderabad, India on 24-26 May 2011. They also welcomed the outcome of the 4th
Russia-India-China Trilateral Expert Meeting on Disaster Management in
St.Petersburg, Russia on 6-9 September 2011 and identified priorities for
further cooperation in the trilateral format. The Ministers welcomed the growth
in trade and investment relations among the three countries and took note of
the 3rd Trilateral Business Forum in Rostov-on-Don, Russia on 21-22 September
2011. The Ministers noted with satisfaction that the 11th Trilateral Academic
Scholars Dialogue was convened in Beijing on 15-16 November 2011. The Ministers
supported advancing practical cooperation in the trilateral format in the areas
of emergency response, health care, agriculture, business, energy and
innovation & high technology, acting in close coordination with efforts
made in these areas by different multilateral fora.
4. The Ministers recognized that the world was
undergoing profound changes, and the global trend towards multipolarity was
irreversible. Meanwhile, global challenges were becoming ever more serious and
complex. In this context, they emphasized the need to find collective solutions
to global challenges such as regional conflicts, WMD proliferation, terrorism,
transnational organized crime, illicit drug trafficking, natural and man-made
disasters, financial and economic destabilization, food shortages and climate
change. They noted that the events in the Middle East and North Africa had
shown that there was no alternative to negotiations and peaceful settlement of
conflicts through concerted actions by the international community. The
Ministers affirmed that Russia, India and China intended to closely cooperate
in addressing these challenges, including by consulting among themselves in the
framework of the UN and relevant multilateral fora.
5. The Ministers stressed the importance for
the Asia-Pacific region to establish an open and transparent security and
cooperation architecture responsive to the legitimate interests of every
country in the region and built on universally recognized norms and principles
of international law, recognition of the indivisibility of security and mutual
respect and confidence. 6. The Ministers noted that the East Asia Summits
provided a promising format for dialogue on broad strategic, political and
economic issues of common interest and concern with the aim of promoting peace,
stability, and economic prosperity in East Asia. Russia, India and China called
for advancing partnership in the spirit of network diplomacy among various
regional associations, fora and dialogue structures, such as ASEM, ASEAN, the
SCO, ARF, SAARC, CICA, the ADMM-Plus and others.
7. The Ministers expressed deep concern over
the continuing situation in Afghanistan and stressed the importance of the international
community remaining engaged in Afghanistan. They called on the international
community to deal firmly with terrorist groups to obviate the risk of
Afghanistan sliding back to being a safe haven for terrorists and extremists,
threatening the region and beyond. The Ministers reaffirmed that Russia, India
and China remained committed to a peaceful, stable, independent and prosperous
8. The Ministers stressed the central
coordinating role of the UN in promoting peace and stability in Afghanistan.
They reaffirmed readiness to closely interact on Afghanistan in the framework
of the UN and within other international fora and regional initiatives,
including the Regional Economic Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan, the
Istanbul process and the SCO. In this regard they welcomed Afghanistan's
aspiration to play a larger role in these regional organizations. The Ministers
stated that the withdrawal of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)
should be guided by the security situation on the ground and the capability of
Afghan National Security Forces to take care of the security of their country.
The Ministers noted that ISAF should fulfill its task in accordance with the
mandates of UNSC resolutions.
9. The Ministers proceed from the assumption
that national reconciliation in Afghanistan should take place truly under the
Afghan leadership and ownership, as laid forth in the 20 July 2010 Kabul
Conference Communiqué and further elaborated in the 5 December 2011 Bonn
Conference Conclusions supported by the Government of Afghanistan and the
10. The Ministers emphasized the urgent need
for the international community to counteract illicit drugs production in and
trafficking from Afghanistan, in line with the decisions of the Paris Pact and
the SCO Anti-Drug Strategy.
11. The Ministers firmly supported the central
coordinating role of the United Nations in maintaining international peace and
security, promoting common development and international cooperation. They
reaffirmed the need for a comprehensive reform of the UN, including its
Security Council, with a view to making it more effective, efficient and
representative. Russia and China reiterated the importance they attach to the
status of India in international affairs and support its aspiration to play a
greater role in the UN.
12. The Ministers reaffirmed that, being
responsible States that possess advanced nuclear technologies, Russia, China
and India considered it as their common task to prevent proliferation of
nuclear weapons and contribute actively to strengthening the nuclear
non-proliferation regime. They welcomed the successful holding of the Nuclear
Security Summit in Seoul in March 2012 and supported the implementation of
decisions contained in its Communiqué.
13. The Ministers noted that the situation
concerning Iranian nuclear issue could not be allowed to escalate into
conflict, the disastrous consequences of which would be in no one’s interest.
Iran has a crucial role to play for the peaceful development and prosperity of
a region of high political and economic relevance, and needs to play its
legitimate part as a responsible member of the global community. The Ministers
expressed concern about the situation that was emerging around Iran’s nuclear
issue. They recognized Iran’s right to peaceful uses of nuclear energy
consistent with its international obligations, and support resolution of the
issues involved through political and diplomatic means and dialogue, including
between the IAEA and Iran, and urged Iran to comply with the provisions of the
relevant UN Security Council Resolutions and extend its full cooperation to the
IAEA. The Ministers expressed the hope that the P5+1 meeting on 14 April 2012
would yield positive results.
14. The Ministers expressed deep concern over
DPRK’s launch and called for maximum restraint from any move which could lead
to escalation of tension on the Korean Peninsula. The Ministers affirmed the
importance of the proper resolution of the nuclear issue of the Korean
Peninsula through political and diplomatic means and called on all parties
concerned for further work aimed at the earliest resumption of the Six-Party
Talks, with a view to achieving the goals set in the Joint Statement of the
People's Republic of China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Russia,
the Republic of Korea, the US and Japan of 19 September 2005.
15. The Ministers reiterated strong condemnation
of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and stressed that there can be
no justification for any acts of terrorism on any grounds. Acknowledging that
terrorism is a common challenge that requires the strongest collective action
by the global community to combat it, they reaffirmed the action must be taken
not only against the perpetrators of terrorist attacks but also against their
supporters and sponsors.
16. The Ministers underlined the necessity of
assisting other UN member states in better implementation of the UN Global
Counter-Terrorism Strategy and increasing the number of parties to the UN
anti-terrorism conventions, and promoting the implementation of Security
Council resolutions, in particular Resolutions 1373 (2001) and 1624 (2005). They
emphasized the support to the Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee
activity and reinforcement of the capacities of the Counter-Terrorism Committee
Executive Directorate in key areas related to countering the threat of
17. The Ministers expressed concern over the
increasing use of information and communication technologies in ways
threatening the security of nations as also international peace and security.
In this context, the Ministers noted the need for the international community
to formulate relevant norms and rules.
18. In the context of developments in the
Middle East and North Africa, the Ministers reaffirmed commitment to finding
solutions to crises confronting the region's countries within a legal framework
and only through peaceful means, without outside interference inconsistent with
the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
19. The Ministers emphasized strong commitment
of their States to the principles of sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial
integrity of Syria and resolutely called for peaceful settlement of the crisis
in that country through joint renunciation of violence by all sides and
Syrian-led inclusive political process. The Ministers expressed support for the
efforts of Mr. Kofi Annan as the Joint Special Envoy of the UN – Arab League,
including his proposal for early deployment of the UN observer mission.
20. The Ministers reaffirmed strong commitment
to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting settlement of the Arab-Israeli
conflict on the basis of the universally recognized international legal
framework, including the relevant UN Security Council resolutions, the Madrid
principles, and the Arab Peace Initiative.
21. The Ministers noted that the process of
recovery from the global financial and economic crisis had been uneven.
Emerging markets and developing countries were becoming the driving forces for
the growth of global economy. The Ministers agreed that major economies should
in a precise and timely manner coordinate efforts to facilitate the strong,
sustainable and balanced global growth. They expressed particular concern over
persisting development gap between the North and the South, and stressed that
steps to reduce this gap could enhance global growth.
22. The Ministers of India and China welcomed
the accession of the Russian Federation to the WTO, which would make the
organization more representative and strengthen the rule-based multilateral
trading system. The Ministers noted the need for all countries to take specific
steps to counter any form of protectionism and to strive to achieve a
comprehensive and successful outcome of the WTO Doha Round in line with its
23. The Ministers reiterated the role of the
Group of 20 as the major forum for international economic cooperation. They
emphasized that the goal of reform of international financial institutions was
to achieve, inter-alia, equitable distribution of voting power between
developed and developing countries. India and China expressed their strong
support for Russia's Chairmanship of the Group of 20 in 2013.
24. The Ministers welcomed the outcomes of the
17th Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC (COP-17/CMP7) held in Durban, South
Africa in December 2011. The Ministers expressed confidence that the UN
Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) to be held in Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil in June 2012 would provide an important opportunity for the
international community to promote global cooperation in sustainable
25. The Ministers welcomed the outcome of the
Fourth BRICS Summit held in New Delhi, India, on 29 March 2012, which
demonstrated the growing stature and weight of this group.
26. The Ministers commended the consultations
among the directors of the respective departments of Russian, Indian and
Chinese Foreign Ministries that took place on 12 July 2011, and agreed to hold
such exchanges on a regular basis.
27. The Foreign Ministers of Russia and China
appreciated the constructive engagement of India with the Shanghai Cooperation
Organization and its willingness to play a greater role in the SCO.
28. The Ministers of India and China thanked
the Minister of Russia for the warm hospitality and excellent arrangements for
the 11th meeting of the Foreign Ministers.
29. The Ministers decided to hold the next
Ministerial meeting in India.