Saturday 25 June 2016 Home | Sitemap | Contact Us

  Research Papers  |  Books  |  Items
Security Issues South Asia » Regional Security » BRICS: Towards Political and Security Muscle?
Rahul Bhonsle

Jan 11, 2013

Print Bookmark Email

BRICS: Towards Political and Security Muscle?

 The first tentative moves by BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) to find a political voice and influence security discourse were evident in New Delhi on 10 January 2013, with the BRICS Meeting of High Representatives (HR) on National Security.  Briefing the media India’s National Security Adviser (NSA) Shiv Shanker Menon outlined importance of the occasion as the first stand alone meet of the NSAs/HRs as previous occasions were essentially held as a preparatory to BRICS summit. Even the Delhi NSR/HR meet could be called as a preliminary for the Durban Summit in March 2013 however the theme was no doubt different. Going by Mr Menon’s words, there were some weighty global issues that were discussed in particular the hot spots of Syria,  Libya and Mali as well as contemporary and emerging threats such as terrorism, piracy and cyber.

Conversion of a bilateral relationship with these countries which are on the fault lines of instability due to varied factors such as intervention (Libya), civil war (Syria) and expansion of international terrorism (Mali) to common multilateral approach of stability was possibly the most contentious issue that was discussed during the meet. While BRICS countries have some influence in these troubled states apart from Russia that has political and military weight to be an agent of change, others remain by standers. Thus most of the discussion is likely to add to an understanding of various points of view rather than evolution of a common policy.   

BRICS are also clearly steering away from bilateral issues such as recent conflagration on the Line of Control between India and Pakistan or China’s spats with its neighbours in East and South East Asia. Possibly in the bilateral between the NSAs/HRs these issues may have been discussed.

Thus what new perspective has emerged from the deliberation is not clear. At least on the Syrian imbroglio, it is apparent from responses by Mr Shiv Shanker Menon in the media conference that BRICS countries have reiterated their positions on the issue condemning injection of terrorist groups and looking for a political solution where none is in sight in the near future. A stronger response could have been evolved.

For a group as disparate as BRICS which has been triggered by Goldman Sachs rather than a natural alignment of likeminded forces, entering the political and security arena is highly significant. While the commonalities of BRICS are well known there are many disparities as well which may militate against evolving a viable common minimum political agenda. While BRICS population is over 40 percent of the World its contribution to the global GDP is just about 20 percent plus or half of that figure. It is obvious to pull its weight BRICS has the people mass but lacks the economic mass without which political weight in today’s world cannot be attained.

The differential power configuration of the grouping where in Russia and China is permanent members of the UN Security Council while Brazil and India are seen as possible contenders to the high table and regional powers. South Africa is seen by many as a laggard even in its own continent.  There are differences in perception as well with India and Brazil seen aligned with the West on many issues while China and Russia have maintained their unique status. This was more than evident when during the initial stages of the Syrian civil war; it was a mission from IBSA (India, Brazil and South Africa) rather than BRICS that went to Damascus to initiate dialogue with Mr Assad while China and Russia stayed away. Given these incongruities how far BRICS can gravitate towards a common agenda in the political and security spectrum remains to be seen. For now perhaps well begun could be just about done.

Gathering from a summary of the meet of NSAs/HRs to generate momentum BRICS needs a permanent mechanism as at present there are only Sherpas, expert and adhoc working groups for specific issues. Sherpas or adhoc groups obviously have other jobs to do thus their attention to BRICS despite the best intentions remains adhoc. Without a stronger institution to support the deliberations, BRICS may find it difficult to develop momentum particularly on political and security issues which require sustained follow up by governments unlike economic where track two interests of business lobbies also act as triggers. Institutionalisation of BRICS thus assumes priority and may take some time given that this is not on the agenda for the Durban summit.

Mr Menon the ever pragmatist summed it up best when he said in response to a question, “So, there is a long list of things that we think we should be looking at as BRICS. But if you ask me today what have you done, I will say what we have done is take another step forward on this rather long road which we will keep walking on”.

For BRICS to move from the one concrete idea on the horizon, a BRICS infrastructure bank to something more substantial there is a long road ahead indeed.

Related Tags


Related Article

BRICS to RIC - Multilateralism Trends
India’s Interlocking Engagements and the New Asian Chessboard
How the US and Iran Reached Their Landmark Deal?
BRICS: Strong Push for Independent Voice
India-Russia Annual Summit: Deepening Strategic Partnership
A Year of Smart Diplomacy: Milestones 2015
Indian Prime Minister’s Five Point Formula for BRICS
Sixth Brics Summit – Fortaleza Declaration
US Defence Secretary Carter Visit: A Test of India’s Multi-Alignment Foreign Policy
BRICS and Iran Nuclear Issue
BRICS Initiative on Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA)
BRICS and Afghanistan
BRICS Summit in Durban: Bank Remains in Limbo
The Greek Vote and the EU Miscalculation


Article by Same Author

Is India’s Regional “Honey Moon,” Over?
South Asian Elections: Bomb Makers in Demand
Raisina Dialogue, Cold War 2.0 and India’s Foreign Policy
Pakistan Interior Minister’s Comments Subverts Indo Pakistan Relations
PLA Western Theatre Command: Challenge of Operational Management
Civil Military Relations in India: In Times of Change
Terrorism in India: Demand and Supply Dynamics
Talk Asian Cooperative Security and Not Just Balancing China
South Asia Political Security Challenges
Priotise Decapacitation of Lashkar E Islam in Kashmir
India Cyber Security: Need for Robust Approach
India’s Final Defence Budget 2014-15: Continuing Challenges to Modernisation
Talking to Pak without a Counter-Terror Strategy
India-Pakistan: Low Hanging Fruits and Stumbling Block of Siachen
Iran's Presidential Election: Implications for Indo Iranian Relations
2G: Holistic Risk Management by Telecom Companies Lacking
India – China – Next Steps to Boundary Management
Is China’s PLA Resisting Party Attempts for Reforms?
India’s Defence and Security Policy: In Flux
Cease Fire Violations: Spare the Civil Population and Assets
Could Plan B for Rafale be Su 30 MKI?
Security Imperatives For India’s New Government
Indian Elections: The Security Paradigm
Nawaz Sharif’s China Visit: Comfort Away from Home
US Defence Secretary Carter Visit: A Test of India’s Multi-Alignment Foreign Policy
US Confirms Pole Position in India’s Bilateral Relations
New Army Chief’s LOC Comments: Onus On Front Line Troops
Why Army Aviation will be Most Sought After in Aero India 2015?
Jointness: Single Point Defence Agenda for Modi Government
India in Maldives: Big Brother Must Deliver
India Japan Annual Summit: Defining a New Strategic Axis
Pakistan Elections: Rush of the Fortune Seekers
Daw Aung Suu Kyi: The Liberal Pragmatic
PM Modis Twitter Diplomacy: The Pluses and Minuses
Pakistan Prime Minister’s Ajmer Visit – A Review
India Launches New Generation AGNI 4, Prepares for AGNI 5
Afghanistan: Afghan Army Emerging From Shadows of NATO?
China India Dance in South Asia
Reducing Vulnerability of India’s Terror Fault lines
India’s Defence Budget 2014-15 – Expect a 15 - 20 percent Hike
Ease of Doing Defence Business in India
Nawaz Sharif’s T2 Dilemma with India
Herat Indian Consulate Attack: Joining the Dots
Pakistan – A Turbulent Beginning to 2013?
India Russia Defence Relations: Setbacks but Stable
Pakistan Elections & Indo Pakistan Relations
Challenges to India’s Regional Diplomacy
Bhutan China Relations and India
Boeing’s First India Defence Contract Challenge
Economic Slow Down: India's Defence Modernisation First Casualty

Y! MyWeb

Home | Security Trends South Asia | Security Issues South Asia | Top Stories | Publication  | Events | About Us | Contact Us | Disclaimer  | Privacy Policy
© Copyright of Security-risks 2016 All Rights Reserved Web Design India Internet
In case you come across any suspicious activity, any suspicious movement or have any information to tell to the Anti-Terror Squad, please take a note of the new ALL INDIA TOLL-FREE Terror Help-line "1090". Your city's Police or Anti-Terror squad will take action as quickly as possible. Remember that this single number 1090 is valid all over India. This is a toll free number and can be dialled from mobile phones also. Moreover, the identity of the caller will be kept a secret.

Please try to make aware each and every citizen of India about this facility.

BC is the westernmost of Canada's provinces and is famed for its natural beauty.Vancouver is BC's largest city.